O website necessita de alguns cookies e outros recursos semelhantes para funcionar. Caso o permita, o INESC TEC irá utilizar cookies para recolher dados sobre as suas visitas, contribuindo, assim, para estatísticas agregadas que permitem melhorar o nosso serviço. Ver mais
Aceitar Rejeitar
  • Menu
de interesse


  • Nome

    Miguel Lopes Martins
  • Cargo

    Assistente de Investigação
  • Desde

    15 fevereiro 2020
  • Nacionalidade

  • Contactos



Artificial Intelligence for Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy: A Roadmap from Technology Development to Clinical Practice

Renna, F; Martins, M; Neto, A; Cunha, A; Libanio, D; Dinis-Ribeiro, M; Coimbra, M;


Stomach cancer is the third deadliest type of cancer in the world (0.86 million deaths in 2017). In 2035, a 20% increase will be observed both in incidence and mortality due to demographic effects if no interventions are foreseen. Upper GI endoscopy (UGIE) plays a paramount role in early diagnosis and, therefore, improved survival rates. On the other hand, human and technical factors can contribute to misdiagnosis while performing UGIE. In this scenario, artificial intelligence (AI) has recently shown its potential in compensating for the pitfalls of UGIE, by leveraging deep learning architectures able to efficiently recognize endoscopic patterns from UGIE video data. This work presents a review of the current state-of-the-art algorithms in the application of AI to gastroscopy. It focuses specifically on the threefold tasks of assuring exam completeness (i.e., detecting the presence of blind spots) and assisting in the detection and characterization of clinical findings, both gastric precancerous conditions and neoplastic lesion changes. Early and promising results have already been obtained using well-known deep learning architectures for computer vision, but many algorithmic challenges remain in achieving the vision of AI-assisted UGIE. Future challenges in the roadmap for the effective integration of AI tools within the UGIE clinical practice are discussed, namely the adoption of more robust deep learning architectures and methods able to embed domain knowledge into image/video classifiers as well as the availability of large, annotated datasets.


Joint Training of Hidden Markov Model and Neural Network for Heart Sound Segmentation

Renna, F; Martins, ML; Coimbra, M;


In this work, we propose a novel algorithm for heart sound segmentation. The proposed approach is based on the combination of two families of state-of-the-art solutions for such problem, hidden Markov models and deep neural networks, in a single training framework. The proposed approach is tested with heart sounds from the PhysioNet dataset and it is shown to achieve an average sensitivity of 93.9% and an average positive predictive value of 94.2% in detecting the boundaries of fundamental heart sounds.