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Publicações

Publicações por Adrian Galdran

2017

A Deep Neural Network for Vessel Segmentation of Scanning Laser Ophthalmoscopy Images

Autores
Meyer, MariaInes; Costa, Pedro; Galdran, Adrian; Mendonça, AnaMaria; Campilho, Aurelio;

Publicação
Image Analysis and Recognition - 14th International Conference, ICIAR 2017, Montreal, QC, Canada, July 5-7, 2017, Proceedings

Abstract
Retinal vessel segmentation is a fundamental and well-studied problem in the retinal image analysis field. The standard images in this context are color photographs acquired with standard fundus cameras. Several vessel segmentation techniques have been proposed in the literature that perform successfully on this class of images. However, for other retinal imaging modalities, blood vessel extraction has not been thoroughly explored. In this paper, we propose a vessel segmentation technique for Scanning Laser Opthalmoscopy (SLO) retinal images. Our method adapts a Deep Neural Network (DNN) architecture initially devised for segmentation of biological images (U-Net), to perform the task of vessel segmentation. The model was trained on a recent public dataset of SLO images. Results show that our approach efficiently segments the vessel network, achieving a performance that outperforms the current state-of-the-art on this particular class of images. © Springer International Publishing AG 2017.

2017

Adversarial Synthesis of Retinal Images from Vessel Trees

Autores
Costa, Pedro; Galdran, Adrian; Meyer, MariaInes; Mendonça, AnaMaria; Campilho, Aurelio;

Publicação
Image Analysis and Recognition - 14th International Conference, ICIAR 2017, Montreal, QC, Canada, July 5-7, 2017, Proceedings

Abstract
Synthesizing images of the eye fundus is a challenging task that has been previously approached by formulating complex models of the anatomy of the eye. New images can then be generated by sampling a suitable parameter space. Here we propose a method that learns to synthesize eye fundus images directly from data. For that, we pair true eye fundus images with their respective vessel trees, by means of a vessel segmentation technique. These pairs are then used to learn a mapping from a binary vessel tree to a new retinal image. For this purpose, we use a recent image-to-image translation technique, based on the idea of adversarial learning. Experimental results show that the original and the generated images are visually different in terms of their global appearance, in spite of sharing the same vessel tree. Additionally, a quantitative quality analysis of the synthetic retinal images confirms that the produced images retain a high proportion of the true image set quality. © Springer International Publishing AG 2017.

2017

Spatial Enhancement by Dehazing for Detection of Microcalcifications with Convolutional Nets

Autores
Bria, A; Marrocco, C; Galdran, A; Campilho, A; Marchesi, A; Mordang, JJ; Karssemeijer, N; Molinara, M; Tortorella, F;

Publicação
Image Analysis and Processing - ICIAP 2017 - 19th International Conference, Catania, Italy, September 11-15, 2017, Proceedings, Part II

Abstract
Microcalcifications are early indicators of breast cancer that appear on mammograms as small bright regions within the breast tissue. To assist screening radiologists in reading mammograms, supervised learning techniques have been found successful to detect microcalcifications automatically. Among them, Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) can automatically learn and extract low-level features that capture contrast and spatial information, and use these features to build robust classifiers. Therefore, spatial enhancement that enhances local contrast based on spatial context is expected to positively influence the learning task of the CNN and, as a result, its classification performance. In this work, we propose a novel spatial enhancement technique for microcalcifications based on the removal of haze, an apparently unrelated phenomenon that causes image degradation due to atmospheric absorption and scattering. We tested the influence of dehazing of digital mammograms on the microcalcification detection performance of two CNNs inspired by the popular AlexNet and VGGnet. Experiments were performed on 1, 066 mammograms acquired with GE Senographe systems. Statistically significantly better microcalcification detection performance was obtained when dehazing was used as preprocessing. Results of dehazing were superior also to those obtained with Contrast Limited Adaptive Histogram Equalization (CLAHE). © 2017, Springer International Publishing AG.

2018

Retinal image quality assessment by mean-subtracted contrast-normalized coefficients

Autores
Galdran, A; Araujo, T; Mendonca, AM; Campilho, A;

Publicação
Lecture Notes in Computational Vision and Biomechanics

Abstract
The automatic assessment of visual quality on images of the eye fundus is an important task in retinal image analysis. A novel quality assessment technique is proposed in this paper. We propose to compute Mean-Subtracted Contrast-Normalized (MSCN) coefficients on local spatial neighborhoods of a given image and analyze their distribution. It is known that for natural images, such distribution behaves normally, while distortions of different kinds perturb this regularity. The combination of MSCN coefficients with a simple measure of local contrast allows us to design a simple but effective retinal image quality assessment algorithm that successfully discriminates between good and low-quality images, while delivering a meaningful quality score. The proposed technique is validated on a recent database of quality-labeled retinal images, obtaining results aligned with state-of-the-art approaches at a low computational cost. © 2018, Springer International Publishing AG.

2015

Automatic 3D model-based method for liver segmentation in MRI based on active contours and total variation minimization

Autores
Bereciartua, A; Picon, A; Galdran, A; Iriondo, P;

Publicação
Biomedical Signal Processing and Control

Abstract

2016

Image processing applications through a variational perceptually-based color correction related to Retinex

Autores
Vazquez-Corral, J; Zamir, SW; Galdran, A; Pardo, D; Bertalmío, M; ;

Publicação
Electronic Imaging

Abstract

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