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Publicações

2020

An Ontology-based approach to Knowledge-assisted Integration and Visualization of Urban Mobility Data

Autores
Sobral, T; Galvao, T; Borges, J;

Publicação
Expert Systems with Applications

Abstract
This paper proposes an ontology-based framework to support integration and visualization of data from Intelligent Transportation Systems. These activities may be technically demanding for transportation stakeholders, due to technical and human factors, and may hinder the use of visualization tools in practice. The existing ontologies do not provide the necessary semantics for integration of spatio-temporal data from such systems. Moreover, a formal representation of the components of visualization techniques and expert knowledge can leverage the development of visualization tools that facilitate data analysis. The proposed Visualization-oriented Urban Mobility Ontology (VUMO) provides a semantic foundation to knowledge-assisted visualization tools (KVTs). VUMO contains three facets that interrelate the characteristics of spatio-temporal mobility data, visualization techniques and expert knowledge. A built-in rule set leverages semantic technologies standards to infer which visualization techniques are compatible with analytical tasks, and to discover implicit relationships within integrated data. The annotation of expert knowledge encodes qualitative and quantitative feedback from domain experts that can be exploited by recommendation methods to automate part of the visualization workflow. Data from the city of Porto, Portugal were used to demonstrate practical applications of the ontology for each facet. As a foundational domain ontology, VUMO can be extended to meet the distinctiveness of a KVT. © 2020

2019

Visualization of urban mobility data from intelligent transportation systems

Autores
Sobral, T; Galvao, T; Borges, J;

Publicação
Sensors (Switzerland)

Abstract
Intelligent Transportation Systems are an important enabler for the smart cities paradigm. Currently, such systems generate massive amounts of granular data that can be analyzed to better understand people’s dynamics. To address the multivariate nature of spatiotemporal urban mobility data, researchers and practitioners have developed an extensive body of research and interactive visualization tools. Data visualization provides multiple perspectives on data and supports the analytical tasks of domain experts. This article surveys related studies to analyze which topics of urban mobility were addressed and their related phenomena, and to identify the adopted visualization techniques and sensors data types. We highlight research opportunities based on our findings. © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

2017

Semantic integration of urban mobility data for supporting visualization

Autores
Sobral, T; Galvao, T; Borges, J;

Publicação
3RD CONFERENCE ON SUSTAINABLE URBAN MOBILITY (3RD CSUM 2016)

Abstract
This paper proposes an ontology-based approach to support the process of visualizing urban mobility data. The approach consists of building a visualization-oriented urban mobility ontology, focused on themes such as ridership, vehicle flows and the like. Existing ontologies focus on modelling the overall structure of transportation networks, and do not address the formalization of such themes. The ontology also allows characterizing visualization techniques with human perception factors, so that they can be used to automatically infer recommended techniques for a dataset. The ultimate goal is to benefit decision makers, by providing an ontology that can assist with the process of developing semantically-rich visualizations, with increased data interoperability and knowledge extraction capabilities. We provide an example with real data of the public transportation system of the city of Porto, Portugal. The example shows the semantic characterization of a visualization technique, and how semantics can assist the task of automatically recommending visualizations. (C) 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.

2017

Estimation of Origin-Destination matrices under Automatic Fare Collection: The case study of Porto transportation system

Autores
Hora, J; Dias, TG; Camanho, A; Sobral, T;

Publicação
Transportation Research Procedia

Abstract
Entry-only Automatic Fare Collection (AFC) systems are widely used in urban transports. Its main advantages include easy usability by passengers, improvement of the efficiency of revenue management, adequacy to integrate inter-modality approaches, easy cooperation between operators, systematic data collection and gathering tools, contributing to improve the planning process. This work starts with the literature review on applications of the Trip-Chaining Method (TCM) to the estimation of Origin-Destination (OD) matrices using entry-only AFC data. The main contribution of this study is to provide an OD matrix for the city of Porto, allowing to improve the quality of its public transport system. The paper reports the implementation of the TCM to estimate the alighting locations at the disaggregated level in the case study of Porto. The main assumptions adopted are: passengers start the next journey stage at or near the alighting location of their previous trip, passengers end the last trip of the day at the boarding location of the first trip of the day, passengers can only alight in the sequence of stops not yet traveled by the route / direction they boarded, passengers have a maximum interchange distance, above which the destination of that journey stage is not inferred. © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.

2016

OBAVUM: An Ontology-based Approach to Visualizing Urban Mobility Data

Autores
Sobral, T; Costa, V; Borges, J; Fontes, T; Galvao, T;

Publicação
PROCEEDINGS OF 2016 IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON BIG DATA ANALYSIS (ICBDA)

Abstract
This paper proposes an ontology-based approach to visualizing urban mobility data. Our approach, which is in ongoing development, is centered in a visualization-oriented urban mobility ontology that is used to semantically characterize data and visualization techniques. We present a practical application to a public transportation network of the city of Porto, Portugal. We address how semantics can empower and facilitate tasks like automatic recommendation of visualization techniques, and definition of a data filter based on passengers' journey patterns.