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Publicações

2020

Dense disparity maps from rgb and sparse depth information using deep regression models

Autores
Leite, PN; Silva, RJ; Campos, DF; Pinto, AM;

Publicação
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)

Abstract
A dense and accurate disparity map is relevant for a large number of applications, ranging from autonomous driving to robotic grasping. Recent developments in machine learning techniques enable us to bypass sensor limitations, such as low resolution, by using deep regression models to complete otherwise sparse representations of the 3D space. This article proposes two main approaches that use a single RGB image and sparse depth information gathered from a variety of sensors/techniques (stereo, LiDAR and Light Stripe Ranging (LSR)): a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) and a cascade architecture, that aims to improve the results of the first. Ablation studies were conducted to infer the impact of these depth cues on the performance of each model. The models trained with LiDAR sparse information are the most reliable, achieving an average Root Mean Squared Error (RMSE) of 11.8 cm on our own Inhouse dataset; while the LSR proved to be too sparse of an input to compute accurate predictions on its own. © Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020.

2020

Multi-agent optimization for offshore wind farm inspection using an improved population-based metaheuristic

Autores
Silva, RJ; Leite, PN; Pinto, AM;

Publicação
2020 IEEE International Conference on Autonomous Robot Systems and Competitions, ICARSC 2020

Abstract
The use of robotic solutions in tasks such as the inspection and monitorization of offshore wind farms aims to, not only mitigate the involved risks, but also to reduce the costs of operating and maintaining these structures. Performing a complete inspection of the platforms in useful time is crucial. Therefore, multiple agents can prove to be a cost-effective solution. This work proposes a trajectory planning algorithm, based on the Ant Colony metaheuristic, capable of optimizing the number of Autonomous Surface Vehicles (ASVs) to be used, and their corresponding route.Experiments conducted on a simulated environment, representative of the real scenario, proves this approach to be successful in planning a trajectory that is able to select the appropriate number of agents and the trajectory of each agent that avoids collisions and at the same time guarantees the full observation of the offshore structures. © 2020 IEEE.

2019

An Hierarchical Architecture for Docking Autonomous Surface Vehicles

Autores
Leite, P; Silva, R; Matos, A; Pinto, AM;

Publicação
2019 19TH IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON AUTONOMOUS ROBOT SYSTEMS AND COMPETITIONS (ICARSC 2019)

Abstract
Autonomous Surface Vehicles (ASVs) provide the ideal platform to further explore the many opportunities in the cargo shipping industry, by making it more profitable and safer. This paper presents an architecture for the autonomous docking operation, formed by two stages: a maneuver module and, a situational awareness system to detect a mooring facility where an ASV can safely dock. Information retrieved from a 3D LIDAR, IMU and GPS are combined to extract the geometric features of the floating platform and to estimate the relative positioning and orientation of the moor to the ASV. Then, the maneuver module plans a trajectory to a specific position and guarantees that the ASV will not collide with the mooring facility. The approach presented in this paper was validated in distinct environmental and weather conditions such as tidal waves and wind. The results demonstrate the ability of the proposed architecture for detecting the docking platform and safely conduct the navigation towards it, achieving errors up to 0.107 m in position and 6.58 degrees in orientation.

2019

Hybrid Approach to Estimate a Collision-Free Velocity for Autonomous Surface Vehicles

Autores
Silva, R; Leite, P; Campos, D; Pinto, AM;

Publicação
2019 19TH IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON AUTONOMOUS ROBOT SYSTEMS AND COMPETITIONS (ICARSC 2019)

Abstract
Shipping transportation mode needs to be even more efficient, profitable and secure as more than 80% of the world's trade is done by sea. Autonomous ships will provide the possibility to eliminate the likelihood of human error, reduce unnecessary crew costs and increase the efficiency of the cargo spaces. Although a significant work is being made, and new algorithms are arising, they are still a mirage and still have some problems regarding safety, autonomy and reliability. This paper proposes an online obstacle avoidance algorithm for Autonomous Surfaces Vehicles (ASVs) introducing the reachability with the protective zone concepts. This method estimates a collision-free velocity based on inner and outer constraints such as, current velocity, direction, maximum speed and turning radius of the vehicle, position and dimensions of the surround obstacles as well as a movement prediction in a close future. A non-restrictive estimative for the speed and direction of the ASV is calculated by mapping a conflict zone, determined by the course of the vehicle and the distance to obstacles that is used to avoid imminent dangerous situations. A set of simulations demonstrates the ability of this method to safely circumvent obstacles in several scenarios with different weather conditions.