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Detalhes

Detalhes

  • Nome

    Francisco Vasques
  • Cluster

    Energia
  • Cargo

    Investigador Colaborador Externo
  • Desde

    01 janeiro 2015
Publicações

2021

Combining Network Coding and Retransmission Techniques to Improve the Communication Reliability of Wireless Sensor Network

Autores
Laurindo, S; Moraes, R; Montez, C; Vasques, F;

Publicação
INFORMATION

Abstract
This paper addresses the use of network coding algorithms combined with adequate retransmission techniques to improve the communication reliability of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN). Basically, we assess the recently proposed Optimized Relay Selection Technique (ORST) operating together with four different retransmission techniques, three of them applying network coding algorithms. The target of this assessment is to analyze the impact upon the communication reliability from each of the proposed retransmission techniques for WSN applications. In addition, this paper presents an extensive state-of-the-art study in what concerns the use of network coding techniques in the WSN context. The initial assumption of this research work was that the ORST operating together network coding would improve the communication reliability of WNS. However, the simulation assessment highlighted that, when using the ORST technique, retransmission without network coding is the better solution.

2021

A Mathematical Model to Evaluate Visual Sensing Coverage of Emergency Signs on Moving Vehicles

Autores
Costa, DG; Vasques, F; Portugal, P;

Publicação
IEEE International Smart Cities Conference, ISC2 2021, Manchester, United Kingdom, September 7-10, 2021

Abstract
Emergency vehicles have been employed in rescue operations and supportive services, attending victims and managing critical situations in smart cities. Such vehicles, notably ambulances, fire trucks, police cars and transit agents vehicles, may be tracked and monitored in some applications for different functions. When such emergency vehicles are not equipped with GPS receivers, cameras can be used to view emergency signs printed on them, allowing indirect identification of emergency vehicles, although many complexities have to be considered when performing visual sensors-based tracking and monitoring. In this context, this paper proposes a mathematical model focused on the evaluation of the coverage efficiency of a group of visual sensors over moving vehicles, aimed at visual coverage of emergency signs. For that, vehicles, emergency signs and visual sensors are mathematically modelled in this paper, with coverage interactions among these elements being computed based on proposed geometry equations and algorithms. Doing so, the effectiveness of the positioning and configurations of visual sensors can be evaluated without requiring actual deployment, potentially reducing costs when assessing visual monitoring systems in this scenario. © 2021 IEEE.

2020

A Distributed Multi-Tier Emergency Alerting System Exploiting Sensors-Based Event Detection to Support Smart City Applications

Autores
Costa, DG; Vasques, F; Portugal, P; Aguiar, A;

Publicação
SENSORS

Abstract
The development of efficient sensing technologies and the maturation of the Internet of Things (IoT) paradigm and related protocols have considerably fostered the expansion of sensor-based monitoring applications. A great number of those applications has been developed to monitor a set of information for better perception of the environment, with some of them being dedicated to identifying emergency situations. Current IoT-based emergency systems have limitations when considering the broader scope of smart cities, exploiting one or just a few monitoring variables or even allocating high computational burden to regular sensor nodes. In this context, we propose a distributed multi-tier emergency alerting system built around a number of sensor-based event detection units, providing real-time georeferenced information about the occurrence of critical events, while taking as input a configurable number of different scalar sensors and GPS data. The proposed system could then be used to detect and to deliver emergency alarms, which are computed based on the detected events, the previously known risk level of the affected areas and temporal information. Doing so, modularized and flexible perceptions of critical events are provided, according to the particularities of each considered smart city scenario. Besides implementing the proposed system in open-source electronic platforms, we also created a real-time visualization application to dynamically display emergency alarms on a map, demonstrating a feasible and useful application of the system as a supporting service. Therefore, this innovative approach and its corresponding physical implementation can bring valuable results for smart cities, potentially supporting the development of adaptive IoT-based emergency-aware applications.

2020

Modelling Coverage Failures Caused by Mobile Obstacles for the Selection of Faultless Visual Nodes in Wireless Sensor Networks

Autores
Jesus, TC; Costa, DG; Portugal, P; Vasques, F; Aguiar, A;

Publicação
IEEE ACCESS

Abstract
Wireless sensor networks comprising nodes equipped with cameras have become common in many scenarios, providing valuable visual data for some relevant services such as localization, tracking, patterns identification and emergencies detection. In this context, algorithms and optimization approaches have been designed to perform different types of quality assessment or performance enhancement tasks, addressing challenging issues such as networking, compression, availability, reliability, security, energy efficiency and virtually any subject related to the operational challenges of those networks. However, the dynamics of coverage failures have not been properly modelled in visual sensor networks, resulting in unrealistic perceptions when optimizing or assessing quality in most visual sensing scenarios. Particularly, the Field of View of visual sensors will be affected by occlusion caused by obstacles in the monitored field, which may turn such sensors inadequate for the expected monitoring services of the considered network. Therefore, this article proposes a mathematical model to assess occlusion caused by mobile obstacles such as vehicles on a road or forklifts in an industrial plant, aiming at the selection of the visual sensor nodes that will not have their coverage significantly restricted by those obstacles. Doing so, the proposed model can be exploited by any optimization or quality assessment approach in wireless visual sensor networks, providing a preprocessing method when selecting visual nodes. © 2013 IEEE.

2020

FoV-Based Quality Assessment and Optimization for Area Coverage in Wireless Visual Sensor Networks

Autores
Jesus, TC; Costa, DG; Portugal, P; Vasques, F;

Publicação
IEEE Access

Abstract