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Publicações

2021

Optimal Path and Path-Following Control in Airborne Wind Energy Systems

Autores
Fernandes, MCRM; Paiva, LT; Fontes, FACC;

Publicação
Computational Methods in Applied Sciences

Abstract
An Airborne Wind Energy System (AWES) is a concept to convert wind energy into electricity, which comprises a tethered aircraft connected to a ground station. These systems are capable of harvesting high altitude winds, which are more frequent and more consistent. Among AWES, there are Pumping Kite Generators (PKG) that involve a rigid or flexible kite connected to a motor/generator placed on the ground through a light-weight tether. Such PKG produces electrical power in a cyclical two-phased motion with a traction phase and a retraction phase. During the traction phase, the aim is to maximize power production. This goal is achieved by controlling the kite such that it performs an almost crosswind motion, keeping a low elevation angle in order to maximize the tether tension. During the retraction phase, the tether tension force is minimized by steering the kite while the tether is reeled-in. Such strategy assures that the cyclical two-phased motion has a positive electrical balance at the end of the overall cycle. In a first stage, we solve an optimal control problem to compute the optimal plan for the kite trajectory during the traction phase, maximizing power production. Such trajectory is then used to define a time-independent geometrical path, which in turn is used as the reference path for the path-following control procedure that is developed in a second stage, and for which results are also presented. © 2021, The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

2021

Irrigation Planning with Fine Meshes

Autores
Lopes, SO; Costa, MFP; Pereira, RMS; Malheiro, MT; Fontes, FACC;

Publicação
Computational Methods in Applied Sciences

Abstract
In this work, we study a mathematical model for a smart irrigation system, formulated as an optimal control problem and discretized and transcribed into a nonlinear programming problem using a fine mesh. In order to solve the resulting optimization problem, one needs to use Optimization solvers. Hence, we implemented the proposed mathematical model in AMPL and solved it using the IPOPT solver on the NEOS server (https://neos-server.org/neos/index.html). We also tested the model creating several scenarios. The numerical results shows that the mathematical model produces qualitatively good responses. Moreover the execution times are made in few seconds. © 2021, The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

2020

Layout optimization of an airborne wind energy farm for maximum power generation

Autores
Roque, LAC; Paiva, LT; Fernandes, MCRM; Fontes, DBMM; Fontes, FACC;

Publicação
Energy Reports

Abstract
We consider a farm of Kite Power Systems (KPS) in the field of Airborne Wind Energy (AWE), in which each kite is connected to an electric ground generator by a tether. In particular, we address the problem of selecting the best layout of such farm in a given land area such that the total electrical power generated is maximized. The kites, typically, fly at high altitudes, sweep a greater area than that of traditional wind turbines, and move within a conic shaped volume with vertex on the ground station. Therefore, constraints concerning kite collision avoidance and terrain boundaries must be considered. The efficient use of a given land area by a set of KPS depends on the location of each unit, on its tether length and on the elevation angle. In this work, we formulate the KPS farm layout optimization problem. Considering a specific KPS and wind characteristics of the given location, we study the power curve as a function of the tether length and elevation angle. Combining these results with an area with specified length and width, we develop and implement a heuristic optimization procedure to devise the layout of a KPS farm that maximizes wind power generation. © 2019

2019

A BRKGA for the integrated scheduling problem in FMSs

Autores
Homayouni, SM; Fontes, DBMM; Fontes, FACC;

Publicação
Proceedings of the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference Companion on - GECCO '19

Abstract

2019

A decision support system for TV self-promotion Scheduling

Autores
Fontes, DB; LIAAD-INESC L.A., Faculdade de Economia, Universidade do Porto, 4200-464 Porto, Portugal,; Pereira, PA; Fontes, FA; Universidade do Minho 4800-058 Guimarães, Portugal,; Universidade do Porto, 4200-465 Porto, Portugal,;

Publicação
International Journal of Advanced Trends in Computer Science and Engineering

Abstract
This paper describes a Decision Support System (DSS) that aims to plan and maintain the weekly self-promotion space for an over the air TV station. The self-promotion plan requires the assignment of several self-promotion advertisements to a given set of available time slots over a pre-specified planning period. The DSS consists of a data base, a statistic module, an optimization module, and a user interface. The input data is provided by the TV station and by an external audiometry company, which collects daily audience information. The statistical module provides estimates based on the data received from the audiometry company. The optimization module uses a genetic algorithm that can find good solutions quickly. The interface reports the solution and corresponding metrics and can also be used by the decision makers to manually change solutions and input data. Here, we report mainly on the optimization module, which uses a genetic algorithm (GA) to obtain solutions of good quality for realistic sized problem instances in a reasonable amount of time. The GA solution quality is assessed using the optimal solutions obtained by using a branch-and-bound based algorithm to solve instances of small size, for which optimality gaps below 1% are obtained.