NomeCatarina Félix Oliveira
Desde01 dezembro 2008
CentroLaboratório de Inteligência Artificial e Apoio à Decisão
Félix, C; Sobral, SR;
2020 IEEE Global Engineering Education Conference, EDUCON 2020, Porto, Portugal, April 27-30, 2020
Felix, C; Soares, C; Jorge, A; Ferreira, H;
Lecture Notes in Computational Vision and Biomechanics
Neural networks have been applied as a machine learning tool in many different areas. Recently, they have gained increased attention with what is now called deep learning. Neural networks algorithms have several parameters that need to be tuned in order to maximize performance. The definition of these parameters can be a difficult, extensive and time consuming task, even for expert users. One approach that has been successfully used for algorithm and parameter selection is metalearning. Metalearning consists in using machine learning algorithm on (meta)data from machine learning experiments to map the characteristics of the data with the performance of the algorithms. In this paper we study how a metalearning approach can be used to obtain a good set of parameters to learn a neural network for a given new dataset. Our results indicate that with metalearning we can successfully learn classifiers from past learning tasks that are able to define appropriate parameters. © 2018, Springer International Publishing AG.
Felix, C; Soares, C; Jorge, A;
Hybrid Artificial Intelligent Systems
Machine learning processes consist in collecting data, obtaining a model and applying it to a given task. Given a new task, the standard approach is to restart the learning process and obtain a new model. However, previous learning experience can be exploited to assist the new learning process. The two most studied approaches for this are meta-learning and transfer learning. Metalearning can be used for selecting the predictive model to use on a new dataset. Transfer learning allows the reuse of knowledge from previous tasks. However, when multiple heterogeneous tasks are available as potential sources for transfer, the question is which one to use. One approach to address this problem is metalearning. In this paper we investigate the feasibility of this approach. We propose a method to transfer weights from a source trained neural network to initialize a network that models a potentially very different target dataset. Our experiments with 14 datasets indicate that this method enables faster convergence without significant difference in accuracy provided that the source task is adequately chosen. This means that there is potential for applying metalearning to support transfer between heterogeneous datasets.
Félix, C; Soares, C; Jorge, A;
CEUR Workshop Proceedings
Machine learning processes consist in collecting data, obtaining a model and applying it to a given task. Given a new task, the standard approach is to restart the learning process and obtain a new model. However, previous learning experience can be exploited to assist the new learning process. The two most studied approaches for this are metalearning and transfer learning. Metalearning can be used for selecting the predictive model to use over a determined dataset. Transfer learning allows the reuse of knowledge from previous tasks. Our aim is to use metalearning to support transfer learning and reduce the computational cost without loss in terms of performance, as well as the user effort needed for the algorithm selection. In this paper we propose some methods for mapping the transfer of weights between neural networks to improve the performance of the target network, and describe some experiments performed in order to test our hypothesis.
Felix, C; Soares, C; Jorge, A; Vinagre, J;
COMPUTATIONAL SCIENCE AND ITS APPLICATIONS, PART VI - ICCSA 2014
Recommender systems (RS) are increasingly adopted by e-business, social networks and many other user-centric websites. Based on the user's previous choices or interests, a RS suggests new items in which the user might be interested. With constant changes in user behavior, the quality of a RS may decrease over time. Therefore, we need to monitor the performance of the RS, giving timely information to management, who can than manage the RS to maximize results. Our work consists in creating a monitoring platform - based on Business Intelligence (BI) and On-line Analytical Processing (OLAP) tools - that provides information about the recommender system, in order to assess its quality, the impact it has on users and their adherence to the recommendations. We present a case study with Palco Principal(1), a social network for music.
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