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Detalhes

019
Publicações

2022

Machine Reading at Scale: A Search Engine for Scientific and Academic Research

Autores
Sousa, N; Oliveira, N; Praca, I;

Publicação
SYSTEMS

Abstract
The Internet, much like our universe, is ever-expanding. Information, in the most varied formats, is continuously added to the point of information overload. Consequently, the ability to navigate this ocean of data is crucial in our day-to-day lives, with familiar tools such as search engines carving a path through this unknown. In the research world, articles on a myriad of topics with distinct complexity levels are published daily, requiring specialized tools to facilitate the access and assessment of the information within. Recent endeavors in artificial intelligence, and in natural language processing in particular, can be seen as potential solutions for breaking information overload and provide enhanced search mechanisms by means of advanced algorithms. As the advent of transformer-based language models contributed to a more comprehensive analysis of both text-encoded intents and true document semantic meaning, there is simultaneously a need for additional computational resources. Information retrieval methods can act as low-complexity, yet reliable, filters to feed heavier algorithms, thus reducing computational requirements substantially. In this work, a new search engine is proposed, addressing machine reading at scale in the context of scientific and academic research. It combines state-of-the-art algorithms for information retrieval and reading comprehension tasks to extract meaningful answers from a corpus of scientific documents. The solution is then tested on two current and relevant topics, cybersecurity and energy, proving that the system is able to perform under distinct knowledge domains while achieving competent performance.

2022

Adaptative Perturbation Patterns: Realistic Adversarial Learning for Robust Intrusion Detection

Autores
Vitorino, J; Oliveira, N; Praca, I;

Publicação
FUTURE INTERNET

Abstract
Adversarial attacks pose a major threat to machine learning and to the systems that rely on it. In the cybersecurity domain, adversarial cyber-attack examples capable of evading detection are especially concerning. Nonetheless, an example generated for a domain with tabular data must be realistic within that domain. This work establishes the fundamental constraint levels required to achieve realism and introduces the adaptative perturbation pattern method (A2PM) to fulfill these constraints in a gray-box setting. A2PM relies on pattern sequences that are independently adapted to the characteristics of each class to create valid and coherent data perturbations. The proposed method was evaluated in a cybersecurity case study with two scenarios: Enterprise and Internet of Things (IoT) networks. Multilayer perceptron (MLP) and random forest (RF) classifiers were created with regular and adversarial training, using the CIC-IDS2017 and IoT-23 datasets. In each scenario, targeted and untargeted attacks were performed against the classifiers, and the generated examples were compared with the original network traffic flows to assess their realism. The obtained results demonstrate that A2PM provides a scalable generation of realistic adversarial examples, which can be advantageous for both adversarial training and attacks.

2022

A Hybrid Approach for an Interpretable and Explainable Intrusion Detection System

Autores
Dias, T; Oliveira, N; Sousa, N; Praca, I; Sousa, O;

Publicação
INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS DESIGN AND APPLICATIONS, ISDA 2021

Abstract
Cybersecurity has been a concern for quite a while now. In the latest years, cyberattacks have been increasing in size and complexity, fueled by significant advances in technology. Nowadays, there is an unavoidable necessity of protecting systems and data crucial for business continuity. Hence, many intrusion detection systems have been created in an attempt to mitigate these threats and contribute to a timelier detection. This work proposes an interpretable and explainable hybrid intrusion detection system, which makes use of artificial intelligence methods to achieve better and more long-lasting security. The system combines experts' written rules and dynamic knowledge continuously generated by a decision tree algorithm as new shreds of evidence emerge from network activity.

2021

A MULTI-AGENT SYSTEM FOR AUTONOMOUS MOBILE ROBOT COORDINATION

Autores
Sousa, N; Oliveira, N; Praca, I;

Publicação
MODELLING AND SIMULATION 2021: 35TH ANNUAL EUROPEAN SIMULATION AND MODELLING CONFERENCE 2021 (ESM 2021)

Abstract
The automation of internal logistics and inventory-related tasks is one of the main challenges of modern-day manufacturing corporations since it allows a more effective application of their human resources. Nowadays, Autonomous Mobile Robots (AMR) are state of the art technologies for such applications due to their great adaptability in dynamic environments, replacing more traditional solutions such as Automated Guided Vehicles (AGV), which are quite limited in terms of flexibility and require expensive facility updates for their installation. The application of Artificial Intelligence (AI) to increase AMRs capabilities has been contributing for the development of more sophisticated and efficient robots. Nevertheless, multi-robot coordination and cooperation for solving complex tasks is still a hot research line with increasing interest. This work proposes a Multi-Agent System for coordinating multiple TIAGo robots in tasks related to the manufacturing ecosystem such as the transportation and dispatching of raw materials, finished products and tools. Furthermore, the system is showcased in a realistic simulation using both Gazebo and Robot Operating System (ROS).

2007

Dynamic Advertisement and Discovery of services in Future Networks

Autores
Di Zhou; Wang Yaning; Paulo Mendes; Carlos Pinho

Publicação
16th IST Mobile & Wireles - 16th IST Mobile & Wireless Communications Summit, Hungary, Budapest

Abstract