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Publications

2015

Digital Sound Processing using Arduino and MATLAB

Authors
Silva, S; Soares, S; Valente, A; Marcelino, ST;

Publication
2015 SCIENCE AND INFORMATION CONFERENCE (SAI)

Abstract
Over the last decade, impelled by the huge open source software community support, the low cost Arduino platform presents itself as an alternative for digital sound processing. Although Arduino is generally used for small applications for the artistic and maker community, its built-in Analog to digital converter can be used for sound capturing, processing and reproduction. Equipped with a powerful AVR 8 bit RISC microcontroller, the Arduino, can achieve up to 200kHz with a 10 bit resolution according to the Atmel ATmega328P datasheet that is the AVR core that we are going to focus on this article. Realizing the hardware potential, software suppliers like Matworks or National instruments, have included the Arduino packages on the software accessories of MATLAB and LABView. This work presents some of the sound capabilities and specific limitations of the Arduino platform, enlacing its connection and installation with MATLAB software. A series of examples of the Arduino interface with MATLAB are detail and shown in order to facilitate users initiation of MATLAB and Arduino Digital Sound Processing enhancing education fostering.

2014

Coexistence and Interference Tests on a Bluetooth Low Energy Front-End

Authors
Silva, S; Soares, S; Fernandes, T; Valente, A; Moreira, A;

Publication
2014 SCIENCE AND INFORMATION CONFERENCE (SAI)

Abstract
Over the last decade, impelled by the industry demand to achieve a technology capable of sending low amount of data payloads, but at the same time with a very low latency and ultra-low power consumption, several efforts in wireless network transmission standardization emerged, supporting new applications in health, sports and fitness, medical, sensor networking, and even the automotive industry field. Despite the competition from ANT+, ZigBee, Nike+, NFC and RF4CE, in 2010 the Bluetooth SIG (special interest groups) adopted a new wireless technology named Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE). BLE coexist with Bluetooth in the same chip (called dual mode) therefore assuring this technology a rapid growth among smartphones, iOS, tablets, laptops and PCs. In fact, Bluetooth SIG also announced that it shall be hard to find a smartphone or tablet-PC that does not integrate BLE in the near future. Despite this accelerated growth, BLE shares the same band with Wi-Fi and all other low power technologies, so in order to achieve QoS, a mandatory requirement in many systems, tests for interference and coexistence must be performed. This study analysis the impact of a BLE sensor network on a crowded 2.4GHz room, with multiple Wi-Fi routers, ZigBee sensors and Bluetooth technology. We also compare the results with the ones obtained inside an anechoic chamber on similar experiences.

2013

Radiation tests on a bluetooth based front-end electronic device towards a subcutaneous continuous glucose monitoring sensor

Authors
Silva, S; Soares, S; Valente, A; Moreira, A;

Publication
Proceedings of 2013 Science and Information Conference, SAI 2013

Abstract
The metabolic disorder which entails the absent or reduced control of blood glucose in the body by means of insulin dependence (Type 1) or intolerance (Type 2) affected more than 366 million people in 2011. This represents an increase of 28% new cases in one year. Diabetes Mellitus has become the most common chronic diseases in nearly all countries, and continues to increase in numbers and significance, as economic development and urbanization lead to changing lifestyles characterized by reduced physical activity, and increased obesity. Recent advances in wireless sensor networking technology have led to the development of low cost, low power, multifunctional sensor nodes that enable environment sensing together with data processing. Instrumented with a variety of sensors, such as temperature, humidity, volatile compound detection, bio implanted sensors; the development of such networks requires testing for transmission distance and human body interference. As Bluetooth Low-Energy (BLE) operates in the free 2.4GHz ISM band, the same band that Wi-Fi signals operate, tests regarding interference, robustness and coexistence must be made in order to ensure Quality of Service (QoS) and therefore achieve medical diagnostic equipment status. This paper presents a BLE prototype and compares the results obtained in terms of radiated power over distance with and without physical barriers. © 2013 The Science and Information Organization.

2012

Anechoic Chamber Interference Tests on a Bluetooth Low Energy Front-End Towards a Subcutaneous Glucose Sensor

Authors
Sérgio Santos Silva; Salviano Soares; António Valente; António Paulo Moreira

Publication
TPDL 2012 - Theory and Practice of Digital Libraries 2012, Paphos, Cyprus

Abstract
Background: The metabolic disorder which entails the absent or reduced control of blood glucose in the body by means of insulin dependence (Type 1) or intolerance (Type 2) affected more than 382 million people in 2013. Although only 13% of patients die from diabetes, there are a significant number of costly, dangerous health complications that appear if the correct control is not taken. Glucose subcutaneous Bluetooth Low-Energy sensor can help patients to constantly monitor their glucose levels and issue alarms to a cellular phone. Several tests regarding interference, robustness and coexistence were made to ensure Quality of Service in order to achieve medical diagnostic status. Materials and Methods: All measurements were performed in a full anechoic chamber with walls, ceiling and floor covered with high loss microwave absorbers. A PC USB Dongle acts as receiver for the Java developed application, where several data sets for each location were recorded.