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About

André Gomes completed his master degree in Engineering Physics at the Faculty of Sciences of the University of Porto, Porto, Portugal. He is currently a PhD student in physics, also at the University of Porto. From March to July 2016, he was with the Leibniz Institute of Photonic Technology, in Jena, Germany, with a DAAD scholarship. At the moment, he is with the Center of Applied Photonics at INESC TEC. His research interests include optical fiber sensing, micro and nanofibers, Focused Ion Beam technology and microfiber knot resonators.


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Details

Details

  • Nationality

    Portugal
  • Centre

    Applied Photonics
  • Contacts

    +351220402301
    andre.d.gomes@inesctec.pt
Publications

2019

Multimode Fabry?Perot Interferometer Probe Based on Vernier Effect for Enhanced Temperature Sensing

Authors
Gomes, AD; Becker, M; Dellith, J; Zibaii, MI; Latifi, H; Rothhardt, M; Bartelt, H; Frazao, O;

Publication
Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)

Abstract
New miniaturized sensors for biological and medical applications must be adapted to the measuring environments and they should provide a high measurement resolution to sense small changes. The Vernier effect is an effective way of magnifying the sensitivity of a device, allowing for higher resolution sensing. We applied this concept to the development of a small-size optical fiber Fabry?Perot interferometer probe that presents more than 60-fold higher sensitivity to temperature than the normal Fabry?Perot interferometer without the Vernier effect. This enables the sensor to reach higher temperature resolutions. The silica Fabry?Perot interferometer is created by focused ion beam milling of the end of a tapered multimode fiber. Multiple Fabry?Perot interferometers with shifted frequencies are generated in the cavity due to the presence of multiple modes. The reflection spectrum shows two main components in the Fast Fourier transform that give rise to the Vernier effect. The superposition of these components presents an enhancement of sensitivity to temperature. The same effect is also obtained by monitoring the reflection spectrum node without any filtering. A temperature sensitivity of -654 pm/°C was obtained between 30 °C and 120 °C, with an experimental resolution of 0.14 °C. Stability measurements are also reported.

2019

Microfiber Knot Resonators for Sensing Applications

Authors
Gomes, AD; Frazao, O;

Publication
Springer Series in Optical Sciences

Abstract
Microfiber knot resonators are widely applied in many different fields of action, of which an important one is the optical sensing. Microfiber knot resonators can easily be used to sense the external medium. The large evanescent field of light increase the interaction of light with the surrounding medium, tuning the resonance conditions of the structure. In some cases, the ability of light to give several turns in the microfiber knot resonator allows for greater interaction with deposited materials, providing an enhancement in the detection capability. So far a wide variety of physical and chemical parameters have been possible to measure using microfiber knot resonators. However, new developments and improvements are still being done in this field. In this chapter, a review on sensing with microfiber knot resonators is presented, with particular emphasis on the application of these structures as temperature and refractive index sensors. A detailed analysis on the properties of these structures and different assembling configurations is presented. An important discussion regarding the sensor stability is presented, as well as alternatives to increase the device robustness. An overview on the recent developments in coated microfiber knot resonators is also addressed. In the end, other microfiber knot configurations are explored and discussed. © 2019, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

2019

Optical Fiber Probe Viscometer Based on Hollow Capillary Tube

Authors
Gomes, AD; Kobelke, J; Bierlich, J; Schuster, K; Bartelt, H; Frazao, O;

Publication
JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY

Abstract
Viscosity measurements of a solution are crucial for many processes involving fluid flows. The current optical fiber viscometers are complex and, in some cases, provide indirect measurements of viscosity through other non-optical effects. We developed a miniaturized optical fiber probe capable of providing an optical interferometric measurement of the viscosity of small volumes of a liquid viscous medium (less than 50 pL). The probe consists of an air cavity with a small access hole for fluids, which resulted from a simple post-processing of a hollow capillary tube. The structure behaves as a two-wave interferometer, where the intensity of the signal is sensible to the position of the air-fluid interface inside the cavity. The fluid displacement over time is obtained by monitoring the signal intensity variations, at 1550 nm, during the process of removing the sensing head from a fluid solution. Multiple sucrose solutions with viscosities ranging from 2.01 to 16.1 mPa.s were used for calibration. The viscosity of the solution is measured through the fluid evacuation velocity in the first 300 ms of resolved oscillations during the evacuation process. Reproducibility measurements, the influence of temperature, and the access hole dimensions are also addressed. The application to biological fluids is important to be considered in future studies.

2019

Enhanced temperature sensing with Vernier effect on fiber probe based on multimode Fabry-Perot interferometer

Authors
Gomes, AD; Becker, M; Dellith, J; Zibaii, MI; Latifi, H; Rothhardt, M; Bartelt, H; Frazaõ, O;

Publication
Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering

Abstract
Sensing at small dimensions in biological and medical environments requires miniaturized sensors with high sensitivity and measurement resolution. In this work a small optical fiber probe was developed to apply the Vernier effect, allowing for enhanced temperature sensing. Such effect is an effective way of magnifying the sensitivity of a sensor or measurement system in order to reach higher resolutions. The device is a multimode silica Fabry-Perot interferometer structured at the edge of a tapered multimode fiber by focused ion beam milling. The Vernier effect is generated from the interference between different modes in the Fabry-Perot interferometer. The sensor was characterized in temperature, achieving a sensitivity of-654 pm/°C in a temperature range from 30°C to 120°C. The Vernier effect provided a temperature sensitivity over 60-fold higher than the sensitivity of a normal silica Fabry-Perot interferometer without the effect. The temperature resolution obtained was 0.14°C, however this value was limited by the resolution of the OSA and can be improved further to less than 0.015°C. © 2019 SPIE.

2019

Optical Harmonic Vernier Effect: A New Tool for High Performance Interferometric Fiber Sensors

Authors
Gomes, AD; Ferreira, MS; Bierlich, J; Kobelke, J; Rothhardt, M; Bartelt, H; Frazao, O;

Publication
Sensors

Abstract
The optical Vernier effect magnifies the sensing capabilities of an interferometer, allowing for unprecedented sensitivities and resolutions to be achieved. Just like a caliper uses two different scales to achieve higher resolution measurements, the optical Vernier effect is based on the overlap in the responses of two interferometers with slightly detuned interference signals. Here, we present a novel approach in detail, which introduces optical harmonics to the Vernier effect through Fabry–Perot interferometers, where the two interferometers can have very different frequencies in the interferometric pattern. We demonstrate not only a considerable enhancement compared to current methods, but also better control of the sensitivity magnification factor, which scales up with the order of the harmonics, allowing us to surpass the limits of the conventional Vernier effect as used today. In addition, this novel concept opens also new ways of dimensioning the sensing structures, together with improved fabrication tolerances.